What is a CBT Test?

A common question people ask us is, “What is a CBT test?” Here, we explain everything you need to know.

Who Needs to Take CBT Training?

Compulsory Basic Training (CBT) is required before you can ride a moped or motorcycle on the road. The training ensures you can ride safely while you practise for your full moped or motorcycle test. CBT is not a pass/fail test.

After completing CBT, you can ride:

– A moped if you’re 16 or over.
– A motorcycle up to 125cc with a power output up to 11kW if you’re 17 or over.
– You must use L plates (L or D plates in Wales).
– You must pass your full moped or motorcycle test within two years, or you need to retake CBT or stop riding.

What Do I Need to Take the CBT Test?

The price of CBT test training includes motorcycle hire, equipment, and insurance. You must have a valid UK licence, either a full driving licence or a provisional licence. If you have a European licence, you need to complete and send a D9 form from the .Gov website [here](https://www.gov.uk/d9-form). Additionally, wear suitable clothing, including boots and jeans, and bring a positive attitude to learn!

What Does the CBT Test Involve?

CBT test training consists of five parts completed progressively throughout the day:

Element A: Introduction and Eye Test
– Covers the basics of motorcycling and what you need to know for the day.
– Objectives of completing the CBT test.
– Reinforces understanding of the Highway Code, the importance of good motorcycle equipment and clothing, and the legal requirements of riding.
– Includes an eye test; bring your glasses or contact lenses if needed.

Element B: Onsite Training
– Learn about various motorcycle controls and how to use them.
– Includes familiarity with motorcycle or scooter controls, using stands, balancing, stopping, and basic maintenance checks.

Element C: Onsite Riding
– Practical riding skills are taught using manoeuvres around the training grounds.
– Includes riding in a straight line, slow control, braking, changing gears, figure of eight, emergency braking, U-turns, rear observation, and safe cornering.

Element D: On-road Training
– Briefing on good practices for road riding and minimising risks.
– Focuses on visibility, correct speeds, road positioning, rear observation, and defensive riding.

Element E: On-road Riding
– Demonstrate your ability to ride safely on the road.
– Navigate junctions, roundabouts, pedestrian crossings, bends, obstructions, and traffic lights.
– Includes exercises like U-turns and emergency braking.

Do I Need Anything Else Besides a CBT Test to Ride a 125cc Bike?

No, once you complete your CBT test training and demonstrate safe riding abilities, you can ride a bike up to 125cc with L plates.


A CBT, or Compulsory Basic Training, is a mandatory course required by law for all provisional licence holders to ride motorcycles up to 125cc. Here’s what you need to know:

Purpose: Ensures new riders have the basic skills and knowledge to ride safely on the road.

Course Duration: Typically takes one day to complete.

Licence Requirements: Not needed if you hold a full motorcycle licence.

Validity: A CBT certificate is valid for two years and must be renewed to continue riding motorcycles up to 125cc with a provisional licence.

Completing a CBT is essential for all new riders and helps ensure safety and competence on the road.

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